Faulty or Confused Expressions (Words Likely to be Confounded)


Accept, except:

Accept, a verb (transitive), means 'receive'; except, a verb or a preposition or a conjuction. It means 'apart from', 'omitting' or 'leaving out'.

Access, excess:

Access, a noun or a verb; It means 'a way of entering or reaching a place, to 'use, enter' or Excess, a noun or an adjective means 'more than is necessary,' 'in addition to an amount that is necessary'

Affect, effect:

To affect means 'to act upon or to influence' Effect, a verb, means 'to bring about'; as a noun it means 'result'.

Allusion, illusion:

An allusion, an indirect reference, means something said or written that refers to another person or subject in an indirect way; an illusion, a noun, means a false idea or belief, deceptive appearance.

All ready, already:

All ready means fully or completely prepared; already, an adverb, means 'by this time' or 'before-hand: we will be all ready in five minutes. I have already eaten.

All right, alright:

All right should be written as two separate words. The words are ised as adjective and adverb, meaning acceptable, safe and well, O.K. Your work is all right.

Alright is a frequently found spelling of all right because of confusion and adverb, meaning Acceptable, safe and well, O.K. Your work is all right.

Allright is a frequently found spelling of all right because of confusion.

All together, altogether:

All together means collectively or in a group: They sang the song all together. Altogether (an adverb') means in total or completely, wholly or entirely.

He has invited four hundred people altogether. You are altogether (quite) wrong. We went to the cinema all together.

All ways, always:

All ways means everyway, every means or every direction. Always, an adverb means at all times, on every occasion or continually.

He tried all ways to do the work, but always without success.

Although, though: 

Both are subordinate conjunctions. Although has the alternative form though, with the same meaning 'despite the fact that'.

Although/Though everyone played well, we lost the game.

Almost, most:

Almost, a frequency adverb usually goes in mid-position. It means 'not quite' or 'nearly'. I like almost all of them. Most used as the superlative of 'much', means 'a lot of, 'many'. We ate a lot but Paltu ate the most. There are thousands of verbs in English and most of them are regular.

Alumni, alumna(e):

Alumni, a noun (pl.) means the former male and female students of a school, college, or university: presidency College Alumni Association. Alumna(e), a noun means former woman student of a school, college or university.

Aisle, isle:

Aisle, a noun means a passage between rows of seats in a church, theatre, train, etc. or between rows of shelves in a supermarket: Coffee and tea are in the next aisle. Isle, a noun, used specially in poetry and names to mean 'island'. 

Avocation, vocation:

An avocation, a noun, means a hobby: Vocation a noun means 'calling Mr. Roy is widely known for his avocation of photography. Nursing is not a job, it is a vocation.

Beside, besides:

Beside, a preposition, means 'next to' or 'at the side of He sat beside her. Besides, a preposition, means 'in addition to': Who else is going besides you? Besides being very polite, he is a goodlooking boy. Besides as an adverb means 'in addition to that' or 'as well as that': I do the cooking and help my mother besides. The adverb besides is mainly used to give another reason or argument: I don't think I'll come on Friday. I have a lot of work to do. Besides, I don't like parties.

Breath, breathe:

Breath, a noun, means 'the air that we take into our lungs and send out again : He took deep breaths of the fresh sea air. Breathe, a verb means 'to take air into our lungs and send it out again': We should breathe the fresh sea air.

Censore, censure, censer:

To censor means to examine in order to forbid if objectionable: The news reports had been heavily censored. Censure, a noun means strong criticism. As a verb, censure means rebuke or condemn or reprimand: He was censured for leaking information to the press. What have I done that you censure me?

Censer, a noun means a container for holding and burning incense, used specially during religious ceremonies.

Contemptible, contemptuous:

Contemptible, adjective means despicable or not deserving respect at all; His behaviour is contemptible. Contemptuous, an adjective means expressing contempt or disdain : She gave me a contemptuous smile or look.

Continually, continuously:

Continually, a common frequency adverb implies that an action takes place at closely recurrent intervals; He continually asks for more money. Continuously, an adverb means an action that takes place without pause or break; The bell rang continuously for an hour.

Credible, creditable, credulous:

Credible, an adjective, means 'believable', or 'that can be trusted'. It is just not credible that a person like him would cheat. That is hardly a credible story. Creditable, an adjective, means 'praiseworthy' or 'deserving credit or 'honour'. His deed was a creditable one. It was a very creditable result for the team. Credulous, an adjective means 'ready to believe anything'. Arun is a credulous person.

Canvas, canvass:

Canvas, a noun means 'a kind of coarse cloth': 'Shoes made of canvas are not durable. Canvass, a verb means 'to ask someone to support a particular person, political party' etc: The candidate himself went from door to door to canvass for votes. Party workers are busy canvassing for votes before election.

Choir, coir, quire:

Choir, a noun, means 'a group of people who sing together' : She sings in the school choir. Coir, a noun, means 'the fibre of the husk of the coconut': Doormats are usually made of coir. Quire, a noun means 'four sheets of paper folded to make eight leaves (16 pages): This paper sells at Rs 21 a quire.

Canon, cannon:

Canon, a noun means 'a generally accepted rule, standard or principle by which something is judged'; We must not violate the canons of morality. Cannon, a noun means 'an old type of large heavy gun used in war': All at once the loud report of cannon startled the soldiers.

Disinterested, uninterested:

Disinterested, an adjective means 'impartial or not influenced by personal feelings'; The umpire should be disinterested. Uninterested, an adjective means 'not interested': He is totally uninterested in sport.

Eligible, illegible:

Eligible, an adjective means 'qualified to be chosen': Only those who are over 70 are eligible for the special payment. Illegible, an adjective means 'unable to be read': His handwriting is illegible.

Elicit, illicit:

Elicit, a verb means 'to get information or a reaction from somebody often with difficulty I could elicit no response from him. Illicit. an adjective means 'illegal': illicit drugs.

Eminent, imminent:

Eminent, an adjective, means 'famous and respected especially in a particular profession' or 'noted' or 'renowned' Indranil Chowdhury is an eminent doctor. Imminent, an adjective, means 'likely to happen very soon' or 'impending, especially of something evil: A thunderstorm was imminent; therefore we hurried to each other.

Especially, specially:

Especially, an adverb, means 'particularly' When we mean 'to an exceptional degree', 'excessively' or 'chiefly', we use specially to emphasize that something is done for one particular purpose or person. 

I love all sports, especially swimming. He has come all the way from his residence specially to see you.

Every day, everyday:

Everyday, as one word is an adjective meaning 'commonplace', 'normal': The internet has now become part of everyday life. Every day in two words is an adverbial phrase. Every day my mother made me practise for an hour.

Farther, further:

Farther, an adverb (comparative degree of 'far'), means 'at or to a greater distance in space or time': We walked one mile farther. Further is used to mean 'more.'

For further information, ring 2675-0207. Do not speak further on this topic.

Formally, formerly:

Formally, an adverb, means 'in a formal manner (officially)': 'How do you do?' he said formally. Formerly, an adverb, means 'in the past', 'previously'. The house had formerly been an inn.

Famous, notorious:

Famous, an adjective, means, 'known about by many people', 'remarkable': His sister is a famous singer. Notorius, an adjective, means' widely but unfavourably known', 'wellknown' for being bad" He is a notorious criminal..

Healthy, healthful:

Healthy, an adjective, means 'having good health and not likely to become ill', or possessing health': Keep healthy by eating well and exercising regularly. Healthful, also an adjective means 'good for your health', 'conducive to health', physical exercise is healthful.

Felicity, facility:

Felicity, a noun, means 'great happiness': Only the virtuous enjoy felicity. Facility, a noun, means 'ease', 'opportunity': He writes English with facility. Students are now given every facility for carrying on research work.

Genteel, gentle:

Genteel, an adjective, means 'quiet and polite', 'graceful in manners or in form': She had a genteel appearance. Her genteel manner pleased all. Gentle, an adjective, means 'calm and kind', or (of weather, temperature etc.) 'not strong or extreme':

He is a very quiet and gentle man. A gentle breeze is blowing.

Ghastly, ghostly:

Ghastly, an adjective means 'horrible', 'very frightening and unpleasant': His face was ghastly white: The weather is now ghastly. Ghostly, an adjective, means 'looking or sounding like a ghost': Hamlet followed the ghostly figure of his father.

Hoard, horde:

Hoard, a noun, means 'a treasure': The maid servant came by a hoard of gold and silver coins. Hoard, a verb, means 'to keep large amount of food, money and valuable objects that one keeps in a secret place:

Horde, a noun, means 'a large crowd of people' or 'a gang': There are always hoardes of tourists in the summer in Darjeeling.

Ingenious, ingenuous:

Ingenious, an adjective, means 'clever or resourceful', 'Unexpectedly clever': He is very ingenious when it comes to finding excuses. Ingenuous, an adjective, means 'innocently frank or candid': The boy gave me an ingenuous answer. He is too ingenuous. (naive).

Immigrate, emigrate:

Immigrate, a verb, means to enter a country to settle there permanently: He is now eighty. When he immigrated here, he was a child. Emigrate, a verb, means 'to leave one country, to settle in another': He emigrated from Europe.

Instance, Instant:

Instance, a noun means 'an example or case of something': The report highlights a number of instances of injustice. Instant, a noun, means 'a moment of time': This will take only an instant. As an adjective it means immediate: The show was an instant success.

Judicial, judicious:

Judicial, an adjective, means connected with a court, a judge or legal judgement: On no occasion was he found to have abused his judicial power.

'Judicious', an adjective, means 'careful and sensible', 'prudent' or 'wise': His choice was a judicious one.

Junction, juncture:

Junction, a noun, means 'place of union', 'the place where two or more roads, etc. meet': The accident took place at the junction of G.T. Road and Sree Aurobindo Road.

Juncture, a noun, means a critical point of time': The battle had reached a crucial juncture.

Keen, kin:

Keen, an adjective means 'eager': If someone is enthusiastic about something, they are keen on it: He was very keen to help. Kin, a noun, means 'your family or your relatives: My husband is my next of kin.

Enervating, invigorating:

Enervating, an adjective (verb enervate to make someone feel weak and tired), means weakening: He found the hot climate enervating. Invigorating, an adjective means 'stimulating'; The cool nights were invigorating.

Later, latter:

Later, an adverb showing relative position in time, means 'after the usual time': I shall see you later. Later used as an adjective means at a time in the future: The match has been postponed to a later date. Latter, an adjective means 'the second of two things mentioned': The latter point is the most important. As noun: He showed us two pictures. The latter seems much nicer.

Lose, loose:

Lose, a verb, means 'not find', 'to be unable to find something": She lost her child in the crowd. How did you lose your wristwatch? Loose, used as adjective, verb, and noun: The chain is loose. (adj). He loosed the straps that bound her arms. (verb). Three prisoners are still on the loose. (noun)

Late, Later, latter, lately:

Late, an adjective, means 'near the end of a period of time': The train is late. She married in her late twenties. Later, comparative degree of late means after the usual time: He later became a doctor (adv). The match has been postponed to a later date. (adj).

Latter, an adjective, is used to designate the second of two things mentioned: The latter point is the most important. Also used as a noun Of the two points mentioned by him, the latter seems much better. Lately, an adverb, means recently: I have not heard from him lately. Have you seen him lately?

Last, latest:

Last means 'at the end': He was last to arrive. I saw him last in Calcutta two years ago. (adv). We have not heard the last of this affair. (noun).

Latest, used both as adjective and noun means 'the most recent or newest': Have you heard the latest news? Usually, the last is used when it is impossible for more to follow, whereas the latest means only 'the most recent'.

May be, maybe:

May be (the auxiliary verb may, followed by be) is a verb, the two words are written with a space between: It may be wrong. Maybe written as one word is an adverb meaning perhaps: Maybe it is time to go. Maybe they have decided not to come.

Persecute, prosecute: Persecute, a verb means 'to afflict or harass: Throughout history, people have been persecuted for their religious beliefs. Prosecute is

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